Combinatorial Stochastic Processes and Nonparametric Bayesian Modeling
Computer Science has historically been strong on data structures and weak on inference from data, whereas Statistics has historically been weak on data structures and strong on inference from data. One way to draw on the strengths of both disciplines is to develop "inferential methods for data structures''; i.e., methods that update probability distributions on recursively-defined objects such as trees, graphs, grammars and function calls. This is the world of "nonparametric Bayes,'' where prior and posterior distributions are allowed to be general stochastic processes. Both statistical and computational considerations lead one to certain classes of stochastic processes, and these tend to have interesting connections to combinatorics. I will give some examples of how this blend of ideas leads to useful models in some applied problem domains, including natural language parsing, computational vision, statistical genetics and protein structural modeling.
Michael I. Jordan, University of California at Berkeley